Digital Economy & Society

Digital Economy & Society

The DES research group explores the interplay between the human and the digital. We study the economic, psychological, and social aspects of digitalization. We investigate digitalization on individual, organizational, and societal levels.

Research themes

Our research activities fall under three major themes: responsible artificial intelligence,
user behavior in digital environments and socio-technical systems. Click the theme to find out more.


The DES research group is based in the Turku School of Economics (Turku, Finland).
Click here to get to know all team members.

Director Matti Mäntymäki
Matti Mäntymäki


Matti Minkkinen
Matti Minkkinen

Senior Researcher

Professor of practice Teemu Birkstedt
Teemu Birkstedt

Professor of Practice

Featured publications

AI governance: themes, knowledge gaps and future agendas

Following the surge of documents laying out organizations’ ethical principles for their use of artificial...
Read More "AI governance: themes, knowledge gaps and future agendas"

Deepfakes: Deceptions, mitigations, and opportunities

Deepfakes—artificial but hyper-realistic video, audio, and images created by algorithms—are one of the latest technological...
Read More "Deepfakes: Deceptions, mitigations, and opportunities"